Anyone who wishes to become a surgeon needs to become a doctor primarily. However, they may also have to consider types of surgeons and which one they wish to be in the long run. Generally, there are 14 specialities to choose from, of which you may also have to scout for an appropriate subspecialty.
Some of the different types of surgeons may differ from a Cardiac surgeon to a Pediatric surgeon. Several factors need to be taken into account when choosing one of them. Your expertise, preference and expectations must all play a vital role. Here’s more to it!
Types Of Surgeons To Learn About
The 14 types of surgeons that we discussed above are-
- Cardiothoracic Surgery
Any chest, heart, and lung condition can be treated using this surgery. There can be a multitude of Cardiothoracic surgeries, including heart transplants and minimally invasive surgeries.
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery is the most common form of Cardiothoracic surgery.
- Colon and Rectal Surgery
Whether you have a malignant or benign condition, colon and rectal surgery can help treat them. The surgeon might have to make an incision in the skin during rectal surgery. This may be conducted around the anus and the abdomen.
- General Surgery
The primary areas of surgical treatment are covered under this one. This may include surgeries relating to the digestive tract, head, neck, blood vessels and even breast. Abdomen surgery also falls under this category. As such, diseases of each of these organs can be treated using general surgery.
- Gynaecology and Obstetrics
These surgeries may concentrate on two distinctive parts of the female reproductive system. First, while Obstetrics involves pregnancy, postpartum, and childbirth surgeries, Gynaecology may deal with female-related diseases.
- Gynecologic Oncology
Any cancer relating to the female reproductive system can be treated using a surgeon from this department. You are bound to receive an integrated approach that helps treat cancers like Cervical Cancer, Ovarian Cancer and even Pelvis Cancer. Using this surgery, one can also expect to treat Vaginal Cancer, Endometriosis, and Vulvar Cancer.
- Neurological Surgery
Any surgery relating to the brain and nervous system disorders may be treated using a surgeon from this medical sector. The diseases of both the peripheral and central nervous systems can be treated on time using this form of surgery.
Other Types Of Surgeons May Include
- Ophthalmic Surgery
- Oral and maxillofacial surgery
- Orthopedic surgery
- Pediatric surgery
- Plastic and maxillofacial surgery
- Vascular surgery
How To Choose The Right Type Of Surgery?
To become a surgeon in these fields, you need to pick a surgery that fits you. For this purpose, consider your expertise. Which surgery do you think you might be more passionate about? Which surgery do you say you have more knowledge in?
Once you have analysed this, scout for the salary for each surgery you may wish to obtain and the field of study you may need to choose; since this is a long-term choice, we recommend you take your time. Also, conduct extensive research before you conclude.